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    Glossary of Vinyl Terms
    Posted on Saturday, July 08 @ 14:45:31 EDT by steveoptix
    Topic: Tips and Tricks   Printer Friendly Page Send to a Friend

    Acetate / Dub plate
    Disc of aluminum covered with real wax (not vinyl). Manufactured in a small number for quality testing (before the 'test pressings' on regular vinyl). Used to demonstrate how the finished vinyl record would sound. Very easily damaged, can be played only a few times. Also used greatly for DJs and Producers to create One-off records to test on the public.

    backed with (b-side)

    Illegally released record, either copying a complete record or using large parts from other record to create a new bootleg version.

    Coloured Vinyl
    Vinyl is actually clear in colour but a black dye is mixed in at the manufacturing process, sometimes special/limited edition pressings are made with different colour dyes.

    Die-cut sleeve
    Record sleeve with a big hole in the centre (so that you can read the label) usually a company sleeve.

    Very thin flexible single that used to come free on magazine covers, not seen much these days

    Gatefold sleeve
    Sleeve for two 12"s or LPs which can be folded out or opened up

    Insert / Press Release
    Printed piece of paper with additional information about the record and the artist or sometimes only with artwork. Often with promotional copies for DJs / radio stations or intended for public relation (for the press). An intact press release often increases the value of a record

    Long-play record = an album or a compilation

    Picture Disc
    Clear transparent vinyl record which has a picture of the same size welded inside the vinyl. Often with lower sound quality.

    Promo / Promotional Copy / DJ Copy
    Advance releases for DJ / Radio / Promotional use, usually very limited and often contain a reaction sheet.

    Run Out Groove
    Area on the vinyl where the track finishes playing. Usually contains etched or stamped catalogue numbers, cutting house tags and occasionally shout outs.

    Shaped Disc
    Special edition of a 12" picture single with a cut-out around the edge of the picture to the shape of a 7" single. Uncut test pressings are very collectable.

    Test Pressing / Advance Only Pressing
    After manufacturing an acetate a small number of vinyl test pressings are produced to check sound quality. They usually bear only plain white labels, sometimes handwritten labels or prints like ‘advance only’. Usually they have no catalog numbers and can be identified only by the matrix no.

    White Label
    Originally white labels were just test pressings, but these days many independent record labels and producers release small quantities (500-2000) of white labels for sale to test the demand before A full release.

    If an artist or a record company decides not to issue a certain record and orders all copies to be withdrawn and destroyed. Some copies always survive and are very collectable.

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